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Arc de Triomphe Paris Notre Dame Cathedrale Paris Wallace Fountains Paris Pantheon Paris Orsay Museum Paris La Madeleine Paris Sacre Coeur Paris Eiffel Tower

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Paris Eiffel Tower
Paris is the capital city of France, is in the Ile-de-France region, and is located in the north-bending arc of the river Seine. It includes two islands, the Ile Saint-Louis and the larger Ile de la Cité that form the oldest part of the city. It has the nickname La Ville-lumière or The City of Light, which refers to its fame as a center of education and ideas as well as its early adoption of effective street lighting. It has a population of approximately 2.2 million and is today one of the world's leading business and cultural centers, and its influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts make it a leading global city.

The Seine river defines and divides Paris into two distinct areas- the Right Bank on the north side and the Left Bank on the south side. Overall, the city is relatively flat, but has several prominent hills, of which the highest is Montmartre. There is also a historical divide from east to west with the east side linked to the city's ancient roots and the west belonging to the 19th-20th centuries. Most notable historic buildings are along the Seine's river bank where there is fine bourgeois housing, museums, and well-known monuments.

Paris has an oceanic climate affected by the North Atlantic currents, so has a temperate climate that rarely sees extremely high or low temperatures.   Monthly temperatures

Top Tourist Sights

Arc de Triomphe is at the center of the Place de l'Etoile at the western end of the Champs-Elysées. It commemorates the victories of France and honors those who died in battle, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars. On the inside and the top of the arc are the names of all the generals and wars fought. Underneath is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from World War I. The monument stands 162 feet (49 m) high, 148 feet wide (45 m), and 72 feet (22 m) deep, and is the second largest triumphal arch in existence. France Paris Arc de triomphe
Avenue des Champs-Elysées is the most prestigious avenue in Paris and one of the most famous in the world. The avenue runs for 1.25 miles (2 km) through the 8th arrondissement in northwestern Paris, from the Place de la Concorde to the east (Obélisque), to the Place Charles de Gaulle (formerly Place de l'Etoile) to the west, ending at the Arc de Triomphe. It forms part of the historic axis and is one of the principal tourist destinations in Paris for its tree-lined beauty, cafés, cinemas, and luxury shops. Recently, global chain-stores have slightly marred the atmosphere, but the Paris City government has begun to curb this somewhat. France Paris Avenue des Champs-Elysées
Cathédrale Notre Dame de Paris (Ile de la Cité) is on the eastern half of the Ile de la Cité and is Paris's 12th-century centrepiece. It is still used as a Roman Catholic cathedral and is the seat of the Archbishop of Paris. It is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture and was restored and saved from destruction by Viollet-le-Duc, one of France's most famous architects. In 1991, a major program of maintenance and restoration was initiated, intended to last 10 years, but is still in progress as of 2008. The name Notre Dame means "Our Lady" in french. France Paris Notre Dame Cathédrale
Conciergerie is located on the Ile de la Cité and is a medieval building which was formerly used as a prison where some prominent members of the ancien régime stayed before their death during the French Revolution. France Paris
Crypte Archéologique (Île de la Cité) is located under the Parvis (main square) of Notre Dame and stretches 393 feet (120m) under the flood of tourists above. The Crypte showcases the remnants of ancient walls, foundations, and cities that pre-date Notre Dame Cathedral by several hundred years. This historic underground preservation has the remnants of a house from Lutetia (Paris' 3rd-century b.c. predecessor). There are numerous Gallo-Roman artifacts, and models explain the development of Paris from a settlement of the Parisii, the Celtic tribe that inhabited the island 2000 years ago, and eventually gave Paris its name. Paris Crypte Archéologique
Eiffel Tower (Champ de Mars) was originally a temporary construction designed by Gustave Eiffel, an experienced bridge engineer, for the 1889 Universal Exposition and to commemorate the centennial of the Revolution. It is 1,063 (324 m) feet high and was the worlds tallest structure until 1931. Tours are available to reach any of the the three levels by elevator or one may ascend or descend by steps. The tower has two restaurants: Altitude 95 on the first floor and the expensive Jules Verne on the second floor with a private lift. France Paris Eiffel Tower
Grand Palais is a large glass exhibition hall built for the 1900 Paris Exhibition. Built at the same time as the Petit Palais and the Pont Alexandre III, the exterior of this enormous palace combines an imposing Classical façade with Art Nouveau ironwork and several allegorical statue groups. The Grand Palais has a major police station in the basement which helps protect the exhibits on show in the Galeries nationales du Grand Palais and the building also contains a science museum- the Palais de la Découverte. France Paris Grand Palais
Hôtel de Sens (Ile de la Cité) is one of three medieval private residences remaining in Paris and is home to the Forney arts library. It was originally owned by the archbishops of Sens and was built between 1475 and 1507 in the late-Gothic and early-Renaissance style. Address: 1 rue de Figuier 75004 Paris Hôtel de Sens
Hôtel de Ville (Marais) is a 19th-century reconstruction of the 17th-century town hall that was burned down by insurgents in 1871. It is now the home of the City Council and is a highly ornate example of France's Third-Republic architecture with plenty of stonework, statues, and turrets overlooking a pedestrian square. Paris Hôtel de Ville
La Madeleine (Église de la Madeleine) was begun in 1764 in the Neo-Classical style and was inspired by the Maison Carrée in Nîmes, one of the best-preserved of all Roman temples. Its fifty-two Corinthian columns, each 66 feet (20 m) high, are carried around the entire building. The exterior pediment is adorned with a relief sculpture by Lemaire of the Last Judgement and the church's doors have bronze reliefs of the Ten Commandments. Inside, the nave has three domes gilded in Renaissance style. At the rear of the church and above the high altar is a large statue depicting the ascension of Mary Magdalene which was built in 1837 by Charles Marochetti. Also notable here is a famous Cavaillé-Coll organ built in 1846 and is one of his earliest instruments. Important titular organists at La Madeleine through history include: Lefébure-Wély, Camille Saint-Saëns, Théodore Dubois, Gabriel Fauré, Henri Dallier, Edouard Mignan, Jeanne Demessieux, Odile Pierre, and François-Henri Houbart. The church is located near the Place de la Concorde. France Paris Église de la Madeleine
La Sorbonne (University of Paris), is in the center of Paris's Latin Quarter in the 5th arrondissement. Robert de Sorbon founded the college in 1253 for theology students without money. The Pope approved of the idea and it was later named the University of Paris. Student life was ruled by a rigorous class schedule including dialectics, astronomy, grammar, rhetoric, and math. In 1970, the University of Paris was divided into thirteen different universities. These universities remain under the management of the Rectorate of Paris with offices in the Sorbonne. Today, the name Sorbonne no longer refers to the University of Paris but to the historical building itself. France Paris La Sorbonne
Montmartre is one of the most famous Paris districts (18th arrondissement) and is located on a hill 426 feet (130m) high with the Basilique de Sacré Coeur and the Place du Tertre as the main focal points. The area is primarily known for the white-domed Basilica on the summit and as a nightclub district. An inclined railway, the Funiculaire de Montmartre is operated by RATP and ascends the hill from the south while the Montmartre Bus circles the hill. There is also a petit train to transport tourists arounf the area. Montmartre Guide France Paris Montmartre
Opéra National de Paris also known as the Palais Garnier is Paris's central opera house that was built in 1875 and has 2,200 seats. It was designed as part of a great Parisian reconstruction by the Second French Empire initiated by Emperor Napoleon III and was originally named the Académie Nationale de Musique - Théâtre de l'Opéra. France Paris Palais Garnier
Palais de Justice (Ile de la Cité) is a huge block of buildings with Gothic towers along the quays that stretches across the width of the Ile de la Cité. It was the governor's residence during Roman times and later the seat of royal power until Charles V moved the court to the Marais. 4 Boulevard du Palais Paris Palais de Justice
Panthéon was originally built as a church and is in the Latin Quarter of Paris. It was originally dedicated to St. Geneviève, but after many transformations now combines liturgical functions with a role as a famous burial place with tombs of a number of France's most famed men and women. It is an early example of Neoclassicism, with a façade modeled on the Pantheon in Rome. Interior photo France Paris Panthéon
Parc de la Villette is a park at the outer edge of the 19th arrondissement, bordering the Seine-Saint-Denis department. It is home to the Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie which is a science museum and the Cité de la Musique which houses various musical institutes, a museum, and a concert hall. It was designed by Bernard Tschumi and. At 25 hectares, these former slaughterhouse grounds constitute the largest park in the city of Paris (25 hectares) and its second largest greenspace after the Père Lachaise cemetery. France Paris
Paris Plage - Cars are detoured from the Georges Pompidou Expressway along the Seine for one month every summer as it turns into a sandy beach and pedestrian haven. Many attractions and activities are available such as dance lessons, climbing walls, games, and swimming in pools, but not the Seine river. There are also amenities like beach chairs, cafes, misting fountains, and shady palm trees to enhance the experience. Night life continues well into the late hours with shows and performances. The 2012 Paris Plage runs from 20 July to 19 August. Photo France Paris Plage
Père Lachaise Cemetery is the largest cemetery in Paris proper and one of the most famous in the world. It attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors annually to the graves of those who have enhanced French life over the past 200 years and is also the site of three Great War memorials. It was established by Napoleon in 1804 and is located on Boulevard de Ménilmontant. France Paris Père Lachaise Cemetery statue at Chopin's grave
Place des Vosges (Marais) was laid out by Henry IV in 1605 and is the oldest square in Paris, located in le Marais (3rd and 4th arrondissements). It is square in shape, (460 feet or 140m) and represents the first European program of royal city planning. France Paris Place des Vosges
Pont Neuf (Ile de la Cité) was begun in 1578 by Henri III and later finished by Henri IV in 1607 and Henri's statue appears at the center of the bridge. It is the oldest bridge in Paris, despite its name which means new bridge and has two spans that connect the left and right bank at the western tip of the Ile. Paris
Sainte-Chapelle (Ile de la Cité) is a 13th-century Gothic palace chapel that was built in 1248 by Louis IX to house what was believed to be Christ's Crown of Thorns and fragments of the Cross. The interior has 15 stained-glass windows which portray over 1,000 biblical scenes which are separated by 50 foot (15 m) high polychromed columns. The blaze of light created by the windows in the interior provides visitors with a kaleidoscope of red, blue, green, and gold colors. Photo France Paris Saint Chapelle
Statue of Liberty replica is a smaller version of the New York City (USA) harbor statue which France gave to the United States in 1886. It is located near the Grenelle Bridge on the Ile des Cygnes of the Seine. Another version is in the Jardin du Luxembourg (gardens). France Paris Statue of Liberty
Tour Saint-Jacques (Marais) is an imposing late-Gothic tower (1523) from a medieval church destroyed in 1797 which was used as a meeting point for pilgrims headed for Compostella de Spain. The tower is now used as a meterological station and has a statue of Blaise Pascal, the 17th-century philosopher, physicist, and mathematician whom conducted barometric experiments there. Paris Tour Saint-Jacques
Wallace Fountains are public drinking fountains that appear in the form of small cast-iron sculptures scattered throughout the city of Paris, mainly along the most-frequented sidewalks. They are named after the Englishman Richard Wallace, who financed their construction. A great aesthetic success, they are recognized worldwide as one of the symbols of Paris. France Paris Wallace Fountains
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Arrondissements of Paris

Paris France Louvre museum
Paris is divided into twenty districts or arrondissements which are numbered in a clockwise spiral starting in the center of the city near the front of Notre Dame Cathédrale (map). Each arrondissement is a subdivision of the city and functions as a lower administrative division and has its own mayor. They each have their own unique character and attractions for visitors and residents and are often referred to with a name for example, the Marais. The best map for the arrondissements is the Paris Pratique par Arrondissement.


The Musée Louvre
Jardin des Tuileries
Place du Vendôme
Les Halles
Palais Royal
Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel


The Bourse (Stock Exchange)
Théâtre des Variétés
Passage des Panoramas
Théâtre des Bouffes Parisiens
Bibliothèque Nationale


Archives Nationales
Musée Carnavalet
Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers
Musée Carnavalet
Hôtel de Soubise
the Former Temple fortress
Northern part of the Marais


Notre-Dame de Paris
Hôtel de Ville (town hall)
Hôtel de Sully
Rue des Rosiers and the Jewish Quartier
Forum des Halles
Le Marais
Bazar de l'Hôtel de Ville
Centre Georges Pompidou
Place de Vosges
Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal
Saint-Jacques Tower
Ile Saint-Louis


Jardin des Plantes
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Musée de Cluny
The Panthéon
Quartier Latin
La Sorbonne
Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève
Église Saint-Séverin
La Grande Mosquée
Le Musée de l'AP-HP


Jardin du Luxembourg
Place Saint-Michel
Quartier Latin
Eglise Saint-Sulpice
Saint-Germain des Prés


Tour Eiffel
Parc du Champ de Mars
Les Invalides
Musée d'Orsay
Assemblée Nationale and
Ecole Militaire
Mega-store Le Bon Marchee.


Arc de Triomphe
Place de la Concorde
le Palais de l'Elysée
Eglise de la Madeleine
Jacquemart-Andre Museum
Gare Saint-Lazare
Grand Palais
Petit Palais


Opéra Garnier
Galeries Lafayette
Musée Grévin
Folies Bergère


Canal Saint-Martin
Gare du Nord
Gare de l'Est
Port Saint-Denis
Port Saint-Martin
Passage Brady
Passage du Prado
Église Saint-Vincent-de-Paul


Bars and restaurants of Rue Oberkampf
New Jewish Quarter
Cirque d'Hiver
Eglise Saint-Ambroise


Opéra Bastille
Bercy Park and Village
Promenade Plantée
Quartier d'Aligre
Gare de Lyon
Cimetière de Picpus
Viaduc des arts the Bois de Vincennes
and the Zoo de Vincennes


Quartier la Petite Asie
Place d'Italie
La Butte aux Cailles
Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BNF)
Gare d'Austerlitz
Manufacture des Gobelins
Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital


Cimetière du Montparnasse
Gare Montparnasse
La Santé Prison
Parc Montsouris, Stade Charléty
Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris


Tour Montparnasse
Porte de Versailles
Front de Seine
La Ruche


Palais de Chaillot
Musée de l'Homme
the Bois de Boulogne
Cimetière de Passy
Parc des Princes, Musée Marmottan-Monet
Avenue Foch


Palais des Congrès
Place de Clichy
Parc Monceau
Marché Poncelet
Square des Batignolles


Basilica of the Sacré Cour
Eglise Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre
Goutte d'Or


Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie
Parc de la Villette
Bassin de la Villette
Parc des Buttes Chaumont
Cité de la Musique
Canal de l'Ourcq
and Canal Saint-Denis


Cimetière de Père Lachaise
Parc de Belleville
Quartiers Belleville and Ménilmontant
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Near Paris

* Barbizon - a French village where the Barbizon School of Painting is located.
* Chartres - The 12th-century cathedral of Notre Dame at Chartres is one of the masterpieces of Gothic architecture.
* Chantilly - Beautiful 17th-century palace and gardens, and the birthplace of whipped cream.
* Château de Fontainebleau - Built by Francis I of France and is one of the largest of the French royal châteaux.
* Château de Rambouillet - The summer residence of French presidents.
* Château de Versailles - On the southwest edge of Paris and is the site of the Sun King Louis XIV's magnificent palace.
* Château de Vincennes - A large medieval castle nearby the Bois de Vincennes (Vincennes woods).
* Disneyland Resort Paris - In the suburb of Marne-la-Vallée, to the east of Paris, from where it can be reached by car, train, or bus.
* Giverny - The inspirational house and gardens of the Impressionist painter Claude Monet.
* La Défense - The modern Paris and the largest business district in Europe.
* Parc Astérix - North of Paris, may be reached via a shuttle bus from CDG Airport.
* Parc de Sceaux - A Park located nearby the 17th-century Château de Sceaux.
* Saint Denis - On the northern edge of the metropolis is the site of the Stade de France and St Denis Abbey, and burial place of French royalty.
* Saint-Ouen flea market - The largest market of antique dealers in the world.
* Stade de France - The 80,000 seater stadium in which France won the 1998 edition of the FIFA World Cup.

Average Monthly Temperatures in the Ile-de-France Region

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